(Syntax and grammar in Delang)

Dezyntaks baz (The basic syntax)

Dezyntaks aunDelang autwari, aj all celangin gro mesti all cemesta intra delangebraz, nau ip delangebraz gro aj fakulti frepanemi. Nux nemul cediq baz wivi.  
  (The syntax of Delang is open, so each word can be placed anywhere in the sentence as long as the meaning can be understood logically. Only a few basic rules exists.)

  • Cevezj gro ne aublige delate in anlangebraz. Aj «anlibexin ziti vy» eqwall «vy ziti anlibexin»  
      (Inanimate object cannot be the subject of a sentence. As such "a book read you" and "you reads a book" both carry the same meaning, "you read a book".)
  • Ip anlangebraz gro ne aj fakulti frepanemi, dezyntaks groaublige delate-demozjylangin-depoqe.  
      (If a sentence cannot be understood logically, the syntax has to be Subject-Verb-Object.)
  • Ceqlauz jezjaulati aublige ceqi delangin ani frelemqi aunj.  
      (Relative clauses has to follow the words it's linked to.)

Ceroge (Questions)


Ceroge (Natural questions)


 Cerogelanging in Delang  
  (Question words in Delang) 
  Delang     Hau     Hauq     Hauru     Haury     Haux  
  /hɔ/     /hɔq/     /hɔɹʉ:/     /hɔɹy/     /hɔx/  
  How     When     Where     Why     What  


Celangespadj (Punctuation)

Cezeqilangin (Adjectives)

TUA: adjectives follows noun
TUA: the adjective 'naz', good, precedes the noun, in lexical, in greetings. (naz zuma, good evening vs. anzuma naz, a good evening)

Cemozjylangin (Verbs)

TUA: negation before verb (Delang is SVO language, but allows other syntaxes, most common SOV)

  • Cemozjylangen aublige wetriwelau frefretexi: weflauw; postflauw; preflauw.  
      (In Delang verbs are inflected in 3 tenses: present, past and future.)
  • Dewelau weflauw in Delang dewelau baz. Postflauw i preflauw naunj weflauw qonstri ona depre fre-, aunj postflauw, i depre gro-, aunj preflauw, pre demozjylangin mesti.  
      (Present tense is the base tense in Delang. The other tenses are created by adding prefixes to the verb, fre- for past tense and gro- for future tense.)
  fregroqlin     grogroqlin  
  (fracture, break, split, separate, inflect (ling))  
  frefretexi     grofretexi  
  frejezi     grojezi  
  • Cewelau lemqin groconstri ona dvepre aj anlangin fretexi jutili, constri cewelau pawi aj: grone weflauw; grone preflauw & grone postflauw. Depre aublige hauru dewelau pawi inpri i aunDiq ne pre demozjylangin.  
      (Compound tenses can be created by using the prefixes as "articles" to the verb, forming complex tenses like future-present, future-future or even future-past. The time indicator should be placed where the compound tense starts, and usually not in front of the verb.)

  • Anmozjylangin gro naunj annamlangin qonstri aj kadvepost -i i -y post denamlangin mesti. Ip denamlangin na anprilangen cezzi, deprilangen gro ona depost -i jezjaumesti. Depost -i gro ne aublige post cenamlangen na -qj ili -zj cezzi. Depost -y aublige na kadvenamlangen jutili.  
      (Verbs can be created from nouns by either adding an i to the end of the noun if the noun end in a consonant or substituting the trailing vowel with an i. However if the noun ends in qj or zj, a y should be added instead.)

Cenamlangin (Nouns)

TUA: genitive follows noun TUA: adjectives follows noun
TUA: the adjective 'naz', good, precedes the noun, in lexical, in greetings. (naz zuma, good evening vs. anzuma naz, a good evening)
NOTE! TUA: demonstrative and numerals are an integrated part of the noun in Delang (kapaddom bigg, these five large houses, ka-, this, -pat-, five (makes the plurals), -dom, house, bigg, large)

Ceprenamlangin (Pronouns)